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U narednim mjesecima Europska komisija će razmotriti procese autorizacije GMO-a

 
 
Zastupnici Europskog parlamenta izglasali su 13. siječnja 2015. izmjene Direktive 2001/18/EZ o namjernom puštanju genetski modificiranih organizama (GMO-a) u okoliš. Prema 'novom' zakonu o genetski modificiranim organizmima koji bi trebao stupiti na snagu u jesen 2015. sve države članice Europske unije imat će mogućnost ograničiti ili zabraniti uzgoj jednog ili više genetski modificiranih usjeva na svojem teritoriju čak i u slučaju kada postoji odobrenje EU-a. Većina hrvatskih medija prenijela je samo ovu vijest, pa će mnogi misliti kako je to vrlo dobro jer se državama ne će nametati uzgoj GMO-a ako one to ne žele. Ipak, pojedini stručnjaci ističu da su članovi Europskog parlamenta poslušno prihvatili i izglasali ova nova kontroverzna pravila koja dozvoljavaju državama članicama EU-a da same odlučuju hoće li ili ne će dozvoliti uzgoj genetski modificiranih usjeva. Trenutno se GM usjevi uzgajaju samo u pet država EU-a. Komercijalni uzgoj GM usjeva podijelio je znanstvenike kao i političare, dok većina potrošača diljem EU-a ne želi genetski modificiranu hranu u svojem tanjuru kao ni njezin uzgoj.
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
Frédérique Ries
 
Frédérique Ries, belgijska zastupnica u Europskom parlamentu je izjavila: „...Zakon je izglasan velikom većinom (480 glasova ZA), pa će to državama EU-a dati više slobode i više fleksibilnosti kao i veću pravnu sigurnost.“ Pregovori o novom zakonu o uzgoju genetski modificiranih usjeva trajali su mjesecima. Ipak, Europska komisija, Parlament i države članice EU-a složile su se oko autorizacije koja će omogućiti članicama EU-a da ograniče ili zabrane kultivirani uzgoj specifičnog GM usjeva na svojem teritoriju, a koja se temelji na ekološkoj, agrarnoj i socioekonomskoj objektivnoj i nepristranoj politici, čak i u slučaju kada je Bruxelles dao „zeleno svjetlo“ odn. odobrenje za komercijalni uzgoj.
 
Trenutačno se na cijelom području Europske unije komercijalno uzgaja samo jedna genetski modificirana kultura a to je kukuruz biotehnološke kompanije „Monsanto“ (MON 810) otporan na kukce štetnike. To je tzv. Bt-kukuruz (Bt prema bakteriji tla Bacillus thuringiensis) koji je zahvaljujući vlastitoj 'proizvodnji' Bt-toksina štetan za europskog kukuruznog moljca ili kukuruznog plamenca (lat. Ostrinia nubilalis). Genetski modificirani kukuruz MON 810 uzgaja se najviše u Španjolskoj (90%), potom u Portugalu, Češkoj, Slovačkoj i Rumunjskoj; 2012. MON 810 uzgajan je u EU na površini od 129.000 ha, a 2013. na 137.000 ha uz napomenu da je namijenjen samo prehrani stoke.
 
Države čije vlade su „PRO GMO“ („ZA“ GMO), a to su prvenstveno vlade Velike Britanije i Nizozemske, žele uzgajati više genetski modificiranih usjeva na svojem teritoriju. Međutim, ove „pro GMO“ države imale su snažne protivnike poput Francuske, Njemačke, Austrije i Luksemburga koje su zajedno s Bugarskom, Grčkom, Italijom, Madžarskom i Poljskom usvojile sigurnosne mjere za zabranu komercijalnog uzgoja GMO-a na svojem teritoriju. Stoga ova najnovija odluka izglasana u Europskom parlamentu znači da će se 7 genetski modificiranih usjeva koje je već ranije odobrila Europska unija uskoro moći uzgajati na poljima određenih država članica EU-a – najranije slijedeće godine, a vrlo vjerojatno 2017. Ostali GM usjevi mogli bi se uzgajati na europskim poljima u bližoj budućnosti.     
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
Vytenis Andriukaitis, europski povjerenik za Zdravlje i sigurnost hrane pozdravlja ovaj novi sporazum jer on dozvoljava slobodu izbora. „Pregovori su bili teški, ali smo uspjeli osigurati zaštitu potrošača i sigurnost za poljodjelce. Države članice EU-a moraju implementirati mjere kojima će se izbjeći kontaminacija tradicionalnih usjeva s genetski modificiranim usjevima iz susjednih država. Europska komisija obvezala se na evaluaciju državnih mjera u svezi financijske kompenzacije za poljodjelce u slučaju iznenadnog onečišćenja“ izjavio je Gilles Pargneaux, zastupnik u Europskom parlamentu.           
 
Prema novim pravilima Europska komisija će u roku od dvije godine razmotriti i potkrijepiti pravila u području procjene rizika koje donosi Europska agencija za sigurnost hrane (EFSA), tako da će se autorizacija temeljiti na neovisnim i čvrstim znanstvenim procjenama. Protivnici komercijalnog uzgoja genetski modificiranih usjeva u Velikoj Britaniji na primjer, strahuju da bi se GM kukuruz TC 1507 mogao uskoro uzgajati na britanskim poljima (najvjerojatnije već 2017.). Proizvođač genetski modificiranog kukuruza TC 1507 je biotehnološka kompanija DuPoint-Pioneer, a još ga nazivaju i „superkukuruz.“ Treba naglasiti da TC 1507 ima dva nova svojstva: otporan je na europskog kukuruznog moljca jer sadrži Bt toksin koji je dokazano štetan za leptire i druge korisne kukce, te je tolerantan na visoko toksičan herbicid glufozinat. EFSA je u veljači 2014. odobrila uzgoj „superkukuruza“ TC 1507 iako postoji određena zabrinutost o mogućim štetnim posljedicama za korisne kukce.
 
Udruženje biotehnoloških industrija „EuropaBio“ ističe da će ovaj zakon štetiti inovacijama jer će omogućiti državama Europske unije ograničenje ili zabranu GMO-a na temelju neznanstvenih dokaza. Sve glavne političke skupine u Europskom parlamentu bile su ujedinjene u glasovanju o novom zakonu o GMO-u. Međutim, ekolozi i zastupnici Zelenih u Europskom parlamentu glasovali su PROTIV ovog prijedloga. Oni tvrde da je EU de facto napustila svoju odgovornost za zaštitu javnog zdravlja Europljana, kao i „kvalitete“ okoliša i poljoprivrede.
 
„Predloženi zakon dopušta zemljama članicama EU-a da pojedinačno zabrane genetski modificirane usjeve, ali samo na vrlo ograničenoj osnovi za koje ekolozi strahuju da će biti predmet pravnih izazova. Zakon otvara vrata za mogućnost uzgoja većeg broja sorata GMO-a odobrenih u EU-u.“ „Ovaj novi zakon trebao bi dati zemljama neku pravnu snagu kako bi spriječile/zabranile komercijalni uzgoj GMO-a na svojem teritoriju. Ali to ima velike nedostatke. On (tj. zakon) daje moć biotehnološkim tvrtkama da pregovaraju s izabranim vladama i isključe najjači pravni argument za zabranu GMO-a – dokaz o štetnosti za okoliš,“ izjavio je Marco Contiero, pravni stručnjak i direktor poljoprivredne politike Greenpeace EU sa sjedištem u Bruxellesu te dodao: „Zakonske odredbe vežu ruke jer ne dopuštaju korištenje dokaza da GMO šteti okolišu na temelju čega se donosi odluka o zabrani uzgoja. To ostavlja one zemlje koje žele reći 'NE' genetski modificiranim usjevima izloženim pravnim napadima biotehnološke industrije.“
http://cdn1.beeffco.com/files/poll-images/normal/jose-bove_1968.jpg
José Bové
 
José Bové, francuski zastupnik Zelenih u Europskom parlamentu izjavljuje: „U kratkom roku ova promjena omogućiti će multinacionalnim kompanijama poput Monsanta osporiti nacionalne zabrane u Svjetskoj trgovinskoj organizaciji (WTO), ili u slučaju usvajanja slobodnog trgovinskog sporazuma (TTIP) – na arbitražnim sudovima.“ „Države članice EU-a i potrošači mogu se sada osjećati sigurniji glede GMO-a. Međutim, žalimo što ne će biti financijskih sredstava za kompenzaciju štete poljodjelcima čiji su usjevi kontaminirani s genetski modificiranim organizmima,“ izjavio je Matthias Groote, glasnogovornik Odbora za okoliš, javno zdravlje i sigurnost hrane.
 
Alyn Smith i Ian Hudghton (Škotska nacionalna stranka), zastupnici u Europskom parlamentu, kritizirali su usvajanje novog zakona Europske unije o komercijalnom uzgoju GM usjeva smatrajući da se radi o „Trojanskom konju punom puškarnica“ koji će širom otvoriti vrata za još rašireniji uzgoj GMO-a te omogućiti veću cirkulaciju genetski modificiranih prehrambenih proizvoda u Europi. Kateřina Konečná, češka zastupnica u Europskom parlamentu je izjavila: „Genetski modificirani organizmi predstavljaju rizik, ne samo za okoliš i bioraznolikost, već uglavnom i za ljudsko i životinjsko zdravlje. Većina stručnih studija o GMO-ima pretežito je financirana od strane multinacionalnih korporacija i lobističkih grupa. O štetnom utjecaju GMO-a na ljudsko zdravlje nije se javno raspravljalo iako mi o tome imamo saznanja iz neovisnih znanstvenih istraživanja.“
 
Među problemima u novom zakonu je i nedostatak strogih propisa na europskoj razini. Zemlje članice EU-a moraju same donijeti i nametnuti vlastite mjere osiguranja i propisa. Pelud genetski modificiranih usjeva čiji uzgoj je dopušten u jednoj državi može se vrlo lako i brzo proširiti na susjedne države i prouzročiti kontaminaciju genetski ne modificiranih usjeva. U narednim mjesecima Europska komisija će razmotriti procese autorizacije GMO-a. To bi trebalo uključiti i pravila za uvoz u EU kao i za uzgoj na europskom teritoriju. Kontroverzna rasprava nije završena. Rezultati posljednjeg Eurobarometra o genetski modificiranimm organizmima objavljeni u prosincu 2010. pokazali su da se većina Europljana, njih 58 %, protivi genetski modificiranoj hrani i ne smatra ju sigurnom za zdravlje.
 

Rodjena Marija Kuhar, dr. med. vet.

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