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Ova strana invazivna biljna vrsta prvo je utvrđena u Međimurju na obali rijeke Mure

 
 
Jeste li ikada čuli za ovu biljku? Mnogima je ova biljka nepoznata, barem pod ovim nazivom, ali im je vjerojatno poznat jedan drugi naziv koji se pojavljuje u napisima – gigantski svinjski korov ili gigantski kravlji peršin, što je izravni prijevod s engleskog jezika. Gigantski svinjski korov je biljka čiji hrvatski naziv je gigantska šapika. Gigantska šapika je vrsta biljke iz roda šapika, lat. Heracleum. Rod šapika samo je jedan od 420 rodova biljaka iz porodice ŠTITARKI, lat. Apiaceae, kojoj pripada oko 2850 vrsta. Rod 'Heracleum' ima oko 70 vrsta, a u Hrvatskoj su zastupljene četiri vrste od kojih je najpoznatija obična ili livadna šapika (lat. Heracleum sphondylium) koja naraste i do 120 cm visine. Obična šapika raste na livadama i na rubovima šuma, uz potoke, rijeke, nasipe itd., a pčelari ju cijene kao medonosnu biljku. No, iskusni vrtlari i poljodjelci znaju da se u porodicu štitarki ubrajaju i neke poznate povrtne kulture: mrkva, peršin, pasternjak (ili pasternak), kopar, komorač, i dr., zatim aromatične i ljekovite biljke kao anđelika, aniš ili anis, korijander, ljupčac i dr., začin kim ili kumin, kao i vrlo otrovna kukuta itd.  
http://www.interhomeopathy.org/assets/images/001674/Apiaceae.JPG
Međutim, gigantska šapika ili gigantski svinjski korov, lat. Heracleum mantegazzianum je najnovija biljna vrsta koja je utvrđena u Republici Hrvatskoj te u Bosni i Hercegovini. U Hrvatskoj je prema izvješću Državnog zavoda za zaštitu prirode (DZZP) ova strana invazivna biljna vrsta prvo utvrđena u Međimurju na obali rijeke Mure, a ove godine (srpanj 2015.) otkrivena je i potvrđena njezina prisutnost na području općine Radoboj u Krapinsko-zagorskoj županiji pa je DZZP odmah reagirao i pokrenuo akciju sprječavanja daljnjeg širenja. Naime, Europska i mediteranska organizacija za zaštitu bilja (EPPO) uvrstila je 2012. gigantsku šapiku na obje liste, tj. listu A1 i A2, što znači da ju smatraju potencijalno opasnom invazivnom stranom karantenskom ili udomaćenom biljnom vrstom protiv koje treba propisati mjere protiv unosa i širenja kao i mjere suzbijanja. Štoviše, 'Heracleum mantegazzianum' se nalazi na europskoj listi stotinu najopasnijih i najinvazivnijih stranih vrsta (TOP 100). Potrebno je naglasiti kako rod 'Heracleum' u Europi ima više od 20 vrsta, a skupina poznata pod zajedničkim nazivom 'gigantski svinjski korovi' ima zapravo tri najpoznatije vrste: Heracleum mantegazzianum Samm. et Levier, Heracleum sosnowskii Manden. te Heracleum persicum Desf.
 
Gigantska šapika je vrsta biljke koja potječe iz područja KAVKAZA. Prema nekim podatcima u Europu su je navodno donijela dva brata, botaničari koji su 1892. bili u botaničkoj ekspediciji na području Kavkaza. Oni su navodno donijeli sjeme zajedno s još nekim drugim biljnim vrstama. „Očarani“ botaničari brzo su proširili ovu biljku u europskim botaničkim i drugim privatnim vrtovima. U SAD je navodno donesena početkom 1900-ih i danas se smatra opasnom stranom invazivnom vrstom koja se proširila diljem SAD-a. Međutim, iz dostupnih starih zapisa i drugih izvora podataka navodno nije poznato jesu li botaničari znali za opasnost, budući su ove biljke OTROVNE?
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gOep1qrqtOnba+PEDksuObRaJBzIMYn00T0roxoksdxVqEgCHaFnJMD3zzMZ+05u/2uiUcvRdBbgsUJnkksQDPABOeYjWdD40V7j8rQQFmQTIjIGDzMgDHI0d0syC0Vu86zSpsFcm/Fq2m4yYhYGc9h7c6w27boyLqLAHuSrEGDJiQhAkWwZjnWXT6y0UlqgbyyXNpwMwDgwCTAIPf7sK24BGGVYNxJPIHPB9MT9NXGXbNgLOsdJ3NQBkemlQCFgsAcgwfbE8TJInuVPStpUXxE3lPDQCAAweQVIOPl4OPRuAMmdO+IXq1Wo2lpPlq08hVMwxUjnBzwTIyRpj1TbtUpMpYq1sowwxgZERMmOBxj6ajEvNEWNi2p0DZVHDHb0mIULayqAqgyBbgYOMe4jJnPqnwzsatP95SQKM3AWZJzwQcnET+XOonqG7r04VWipF1RRBzB80klisDJiP0GnHw11DcmjUNQszhxAcZsIHmvJC5kwCDxiBwLkvFC7CX4x/02czW2kTGaBB7CB4ZWZn0Pc88DUNtwKbqK6ERddTdLGUrwDIBJMRB9Rr1JPiCtU8NaHiWqf3j+S5is4bEKLQxiT20P8X9Ao7xhVUhKqrc4Khi6gxMq3zKPQ8ETxocotA8nmm+L1rwoggXGG8pSMTJ4AgA+3tpS22ZBdOGwMfN6x3I+0ad1unU1JFweFYowPK/NmMSDP1BGkykm9iWLx5TOR/aB9NNfBJze0AhsESYaSeAfwnAE+pGDjWCVYwBP+7/jjvySM8a7FSxA7/xMewHqewA+v8tfGokcgx9P8jjVgFGmxz4lIyB+Nf8A+sz2zrms6NSiB5/Fu72lY+0idc0qQygodKaoKa2w6rJub5bmOLSMkCJ45HPZh0fY1NuSArAZBMQTPBDD1zj0k9tIvFdJYraCCPKxuXHMn6zj3046F1oPTVKjEVJgNBJcH8JgH1jOOD9eV937UZs3FFHrQ+5NMkTY/DR2N2AeRnPprlBlo1GNIIV71JJXOBaCJBmcy39jN71HwBNoZ34EjtJz7DOi+g9CNefGJWkxLVHpgYH8KjtdjsYE6XVyegSsW/D/AESvUQ1qSVSpqx5RJYEgBs5ETJKyYySMarOl9N220oijvUtqufEYhmY8gGSpFo4PJmfzoeqb9ae38KlWcfuTYFAZ7FUESSJBiOQDyOYOorabTc7yrlrjb5jGSDBz3IGDOfQZga05HGONl6whxsvgqo1r0alI0mjysS4Ix5pAjI80HgnnM6qqPw1RoEPSS+qAYP2A8omOwx7c6Q/CmyOwpsrWlnMiwgrYAMpMYuJkHMjtqg6d1ZXUlSDgMzTgAkgKGmCYnjGQe+doKO/cpULqNOutam+5qCmoUCnRU+IzuRkuSABAJwFED8UDTPe/E1KmQHcLzHMAgSLiPlBBn3g6Qda6tSqgBa3h1TIQiFCkkA3lrSAQZzBicHkNuifDm2porVESrVBm8lnluJAaSO2O0RwBp59B70b7GuhRKtZKSVmAq5YtAOA3ntI8piIEfLnGja1KiwPi00YLnIEAgGSM9gT+v2SV/hKnWqs9SoRS48NHKggEkAwYgf5Gtt50OgKZtdlASyS+BIyWMEAk+ZjEE5Onn2GY77qW121YGjTTxmXhfL5ZmSQDg8zBkjnGjen9bG5BFB1YzmbgFW4CW4YEiSPp9Trr0DYUadJSy02qMgvINy5H4ZACoeYAAz9yh+Odyu2NPc0VYVLoYC4KwHNxVY9oJB499SrWxDfefCYhzT3NZWbIF34gIBJPmI+8/XUn0/dbjZ1agBLoWIYwxBtgE3MAZEQcSSCMxjDc/wCotwpinTYk5rKshgAZhTknBglsEAwF51eU+rbeogUAEFbvDwSAZ5AwG5kdsTzOk4p6wBLbj4pV1XxqCi4vHiC6CPlMctIMEACQMaoumihZSFqVAuFJWIxCkwIuMfpPtrLcfC+13JuBCmZlCJGIjuvzZ49dCdQ+G3p0z4JDRJDG4kCCSIutgyZxn+SqX3DKN2WitcXZdRcquStiRBYZwJ729xHs4qLRdIKKRPl7gHPEwATJyuePTHlJJq+HuNvQqCpZa5qKYLCCZueALogeXgGBMaN6XW3K0ah3TVKVZaoZdw3mRFEJlApGCGAGJJGfVRpYCy1+G91SoGrRpSQk1GgyBMk2reWGcEDHJ1Q+OtS2VIJPlJUzMEwQQCDg4MalejiluGWuxqNUEAVGAQsg4YKBADHMmZxGAYo9l09QJDmrgD94buPQ+vJk5kn1zpD2Gic6jSoBy1FFeq5KmELGUJgHzGOTGI5PfST4i6k1Fw9R0ChVLohZZ+YurBflcCAJXlvbNr1Po9Oo3iUlVNygJRpaA2csqsJMk5PfJnUX0D4LerbW38BgzqaQYxUngsbgLgZIILArbOsfAqVg8mbVqQZWdTfUh7gS3kwAXEZEkDOfl9BrpUZyyVNpzTqhYNSaZFVisWRIhTIxMTyIGraoArFDRDIVEErd5gIhmlo8oWJjA5PGk/xTVqBA1Db+emGChR5gI5AH4T+fPuNadevqTVHlXVdkFqMUCqqMbpxHYqLjAgYj6TrOt0ZQzlaymy1VNhUm7vnkjgntrbqG8aGWqrU4AJFsxJ557kfr9tEUOpLUAdiQUSCAZJIUyYGIzOcx7cZNyRNMSVUWkwlXYcOwkCZnB74/loRunvIQQULMyzdJA/iUkcyMx25xGnfUKK+GrkBn7heG4mRyOf07awq7wuwPh+JTUWFQMEL7wSDmZPPGqjJhYkfp8YNRJ9pP6gEfkdc1oNrUMlALSSRNQDE45Yfy1zV38lYLHdrTcul6Oy828R2Inv7CRrrtdqoa+nF8c8j8vyzpD0JDShoB7hsG094xOOY9dCjrVdal4qNIPAwvp8vy/prDrtRZl1LTqeytek7WBXYK5gS5MAE/fj016J0jpngUwtNADy5DcmT5TJgCIzMAieeJ34R+HVrLQ3VUMoDIyXEi5zn8X4SxEWyWP56s6m7SlU8MiklwDN4rZbPIu57AT6jiNa8UKyzSKoX19w9FfFTamXIu89zN5ogWEzAMiJCyxj1Q7Ho9KpVimNxt6iszHxAzAyVgzgjMyInzeg1Z0WIDN5rXN4LG75uywO0iOfvpW+48B0FZqwSqxzU8wR5VQZHmCNNsHAkcDAqcU96KrJzfdBqDbNSpM1V3a4OIQIZF2C3ynmJ/CPqJOj0beqw27rSY2+IACoiIDEsIt4UyymZ7xr0Wlv1usUg4kR3OJESM5mO+fTSmt1mlRdqZdb2uci0gqMyYti2RaCSbjxxpKCUdiaTFe5+CxTU1lqgV1862UzBfBkgNcZtAnEAnnUbuPjTdIlWm6ecqQGqVIIu+YAALdM+/CjjGrDrXxLaQhWqS6sAEKyIGPMGgmTGMjOTKkbdF6Yqqr7g+JUx5rrsRghjJIAzyWz7DTUVHEReuCAof6hdQaQaSurKLT4bKFmBcDOZzliczBHGnh6lvN5VK7GQi0ypchQTcDct2QAMWiZHmJ9dGfH/TaDr/ANxVJUsqtUIW0cWAApI9P7mWXRur7bZbfw6WFBNzAlwGwDibiAYmBaC2DBkVdlCPpO73m3rUqe4zTUeAL4tUYyLY9Ikye3pq922zorTtqsKrG0uXwrFMA2g2gg4nviZ7Tfxv1lF2yh7mqVkbwfDOSwBOFEvaRAnKjvbpPtviNfAUVbA9NVbw6akHw4AgQ0BysvAiDHHZ62Ay+M/hbaurPSRKdVjcKl5TJIPlW0rUnOAwjkemovo+5r0j4k1VUEr4ygwSCQQ04JkEDvjAwYoOhdYG/d9vVptydwrqVu8o8qtcthImL2wQACO+vRaPUEhYIjkExnt+EkE5j0/lqXHsxVZE9A+Jqr2pd4rGDczWrb3BAHMmZntGmB+Lwu5bbVJuBBNSmRaAVDAlS1xMtwM9tC/E3Tkp1DWpQofBWbRMHsFngzJmMdtR6fCO5qglCpEYEmXJiJIBABn5iYA9BxK7J0GSg+G9yKLMKnzMZualYCZjHYHMkAgQcCdPK29S0ioCQqscKJMQIUYI5K5n5YBMg68vo7eptKr0tzNNpACgFpxkIR5ZgiSf4lntrLpXWXq1WptTLBwQioklSCWEhQSwgkE5MQe2l0a2FtYPQeldV2tMRVZle53Ymp4g9FDQbZIwECgeUGRwWnw78T+OGJFq32K1/mbsCQBOWMxjHYRrzLfKaZZRtStQMLlghUY+UZLHmMMcSBjRjU64WmFppa/lDqWILREAmFu7A2xOcnOjxK2iezTPU+oV1QtVBBpoJqKxEqRmBAI83Me09xpTttzuqlS9DTFB5EEr+7i60/hI7TAmBPBkL36hQWhTBDhnkKGmHLeUsB5psgCeQIgToXe/EJSKC1AqhbmemFJY3WlQzQAAoJER2mMjRbedIqyu29KkVWqzglgCCHK0xIglCTgme0T+ms9x1ZaKhUD8G12JdYGTNQSY/UmR7FBterIyqqXVQxM0wBaTxaWBNo5wME2kYC6b7HqCBTVNRvCBIbgmkVJDKRbkTECOAuJOrXwMG+JtpRr0RUIILU5QjzOFi6CCBcBzAPqR3B8p61szta+WVysMhIi5GkQROHGQR/6n2g11qU/EpMr2MCwTBOJIgxa0E4YE5j2153/qZuxFMMwFRmNygwGpibXIWVF33MgiME6GgZEVeq1JYghQfwwYiIPqYgdjn20Vt1p1AqhlAqCWUsbbgYgGZVuDBkGeeAVrhi5DGH+U5j2PPr/Kda0+n+IqwyEtOGJB9wJwTke+kQMa23sJT9nutxcHwY9Ma5pfX3jIbSXBEYjjH11zU9BjTZdPd2tSk1JozeD4RGJkmGU+g8+fTtT/AAl8Ciq/iV3FJKRUq1IAFiJJEkRIwZIJ4HpMn+z7ukRVNRAWH4nQ8cAg+UHOAOJ7a9J6JWqfsG3p1AKj1pLKYEjNQzkC20U7uBgROdEYyctqvYEWdZ1UBoGDh6rFRP4jyLe8R7QRwA3pmoCJWmpAimAAGJza7EEvODAKnOD6K9xuKdYeYVH29VlSGFiEiACGA/iFouIkjF0jWtXaNSAsa6oJFKlUfABPmfOBy2SvHl82NalH3f8AVCg8Pwx5QVNe25FB+WBABN3ltzFpg4OtNt1NKviIb1CoLWJ8jMoxiTLnym1iZiIxlZ1rqfh1qaF7GDNFMC9rIOMYWTwpI5x6DbYbSiQqi9GKwLrk8sgEHsJF2CSMCJnWc208Eiml05loVKtR6lN8vSVWIZij3nyhhcpQBZ9J9dTe360a26Z0V73W1FPmDyQSSJwZE3DHqMzqw3Vajt6xovRuVxAcs1oVphLlDMVJB4zmcQdcobLa7TdmrcymjTB8JmV1UmICG1WkXcm4x6RpRleB9cWE9H+AzBqbqoS7QbJBAgQAZBGRg4IgxjQVdhRJVqgwRbYBTtBM/LBUWH95dIm0j2L1vipAC1y45tyF9yM45M8RHrqK+J0pGpVHiBRUQVB5gTJBMrNsARgH34yNa0hPAh+IfiNy9ZEqFaJSy8EB6wUg3kCOQIAgY5mTKXZfED0zNJ2pDIwcwYmT3mBMR9I0d0roa1xUqSxWmt9Z4BtBMSFxmDx/tMEY1e9K+ANv5Gtqmk1rrUa1bIEz5WLGTwDgSJmNTsdD74H2FREWvuyWqxailsU17gAGPMIYnv5fQaP3vw5tqweEtZ2kkFoLYyc57cHTCtvaSAk2hQB5jkACeW+Wfb++gq3Vb7xRahaOGLFwzQJBAyRBBhSeBMDm8FHke4oUqXUQlGoKlIuqq6EQVdbcW4HzEQO2NNenfEahFFVqhemTTqOeyrdaoBaDkx3m0FgIE3fT/hTbMfFYTUabyFgA48qj8MESJBMHnM6E6v8A6f7aqjrSZqbFrpMQWJk9sz3zqUqdhQq6b1OnVVAS9RLfQQpBMAspAR4klnEWgAcgCopdZQQLuRCp6n04kdsfXXlPUt2di7UKQkh1YsQTleLZ/Cfpzx663FapTVH3F11UkgHKeYyMqYDD54MMM8aakhWVvxdUp7hRFSj+4e1lawhA0AEQquhEHyj17njH4X6KjAVVtBJYh2UsWaeWJUEgywnsCM9jLb1qW4r7amWvKKFEiJHzNcxKg4EiWieAJOne66l+yLaFpwSCvhE/KcgsIEfKQQMSCR20bEmXXUthTqUj4sQFzJYG0ds5C4mOBHBk68r3PTmNU+GRVQNCMhkH2GBkcQAOJjTpPiO1RcxplvxoC5JJWIPmBfMyUImDql6Bs1pn9o8IJunUhyVJzLEvUtEBzMkAA+U8gYiXHF7B0yR6b8HVzFc7etUJJKIYpsxkmXuYMqzPaf6gdW+Gd8GE7VgGInw1DKsnMQYx6nA9e+vQR8RTaKMVHJImwDj2gBRyYyc5PAOu0645BNhEhodiQMAwfQEzBEED1GiPGvRhgiNjUoJTqUCWIpHxWNQwtQjBRkHlGD2ibBonYbxnR6FTwrnMorkWIqgAMSTJK8Llj80wF1Tb+sjVHZqdOo5pgqHRWhiSRaRcQJ4kY1J73aVqiME2YR/+5FIlsPI80mAGOREQDIBHFtMBj0PeVKd3io0Fb6lVfNcENw/FEmSDibZ7LOoT4z27XoQ/iBldlBZmNMBzwSYF3NuYJPcyTq9OpSa5iYBh0Qghi0AiZtmcSDz3zqV67vxUYAU7VAIX1iW5MkkA8A8R76e0IX1ahhj+ZOT+vB99a9MKsYqE2KDgGDJGORHYfprOpLGWOT9p9db7fahgxJIKCeJBngYGJHHPfjS9B2Duxk5n3zrmvgf/AGz+f99fdAFR17el6bE01ORDVTLKTlrR8pB9cRB1SdB37r4FSo5cU6YQhiVMcWRcT2tInIBMDIEp1PbVajXVJlVk3Z8s8+mMEhQOcZ032G3JVahYl5UOpGeQJzzOPcEscgEiOOaohaKDqXV9uUsR3FJlKikbXCsPMWIceYDkTBn5e50cOsvCIlOpVd0arYtjlArlg4ujm48nJVRjUhvKEMaaoPKL1DNGQcZMG8RyI750tqdSrJHimXqQzO8syxIWHYluCOD7Y1fZDTHfSPE2+4qvuU8KpVF9J6iFirLlionymJAECIhYjRp6tSStWqVocgxTJUtf2BwVMWiA/JkEnmZTrHXTVorQDGpSWoWVmU3ACQIlrRKmYAEcSdZpuTXqG53Y24LBRBBBzHK2g8RzwNZ8kU1QMZ9R64atWmrVGSkHBURcKakyeZJABJjPpgYDveJbRMblHLkpnEn5gAwDRceCCARjGdTBp+PTDKFDoPMAhAgkCbuO1xnMTz26XtUVaRPlEypJtEZY4MRHJn8tYyhlP2JY12fV1plWqD56YAZMEWkEgjj6AwDDA865u9nvOqVTWVFgKtO/zBWIuM5DGTmQJtJAPrqbp3I70pMN7gfKSBGSCRnj0++qjY9dKbamEZeDdRILK0f+IxMSczmZ7Docn1KQ8+D9iBtgTTZGDlq6gXGoBdbMkiFJHkNokHvnVXtupU2VQsoki2k4+b0KRMCY4MLjucTuy6/4DqK9JGVlLX0oh0MWFTCglZIM9onI1u/xBVZfFKqKTKQEZjdg2hQAVZltwSAZJOJkaFopDivVG6VlKtWQHDMAoJAyna1MQWImTGACdfOiuyoVEKkTRHmICDBuvEqWJmBcv1Illu03jGDTrygDQjRTUjIVYVZCgZm5SsZEGNfHrXMSKniAkVCKbIIcQzCc1MjzWYaIEmSFKGUm08ZmNziZPhqoCeJ2PiC2Rb3A7gjMZB3/AFJ6LinWik7klCxuQATywALE4JBmfVTxP0upVxVqU6AWsviAy4YhSCTEygBnynAJOJOkm/8Ai5yzbeutOoFAF5X5gwDiYIMgkQRxH1001WRWG/E3UWYU6YrCqinxFZgTUUQRZLAyAMgyW+afQYUviOnSL0j56bCGDLIPP6iTkeup6tuGpXLPlcBo5B9CB6j15GdKt1Vkz6j/ANa55q3YraLzpq9PBFwS0kGWKkqR+LzKxHbHBjjiNuu/s+3v3q1a9V37uq2oLlA88TdAVcEYYcca83umYMY/yPfWmy6hWpSKdUqDyPX1B7xpxtaDsit6Ju2r1gEcOsF1prFzNiFlgCI9YHH5WXUt9TCpSrEUajE3+Yu2fKJYiDdjMDykds68xoVHFUVJVX5BXMYx2Gf1nPbVLu+oO6jzKXWkqllXIQNGTMySJjHAP4tWpdl8iR83O8sJAJJpkgOxjynIHEiPMYB/Ee+vtPdmoQSxaio8iuJU3dgAJmfNOeBPGstxTR3hh5qsXCxfUZJjH2x3jGrvoXwvTohKt97AG2VkgxiGBwBnAEzAmYm4pjWSU2+8XafNAYPdeQYBwQoYwM89+0cnTvp77p2WtSWg6gAzTKm4Azg3GDLfhAIJ+urTZ06LKyyKhVvNcFY3HOfxT7Z49tEbjbpUVltYgyJIg55jgxkDBjV0PqTm629+1aylLIDVQU1uh4yBPJOInvH38Q6/taZlqXlzApkQZAF3tg8jH31+h9vtvDeFaqxAwzCVJMeSR8nAwRA99eN/FfQCd7uBTITzXkEMohvNOZHJ4HoY4ymlfZ4HWSBrR5YmQPN9Zx+ka22iBjawBLces8R/6+mqQfCRckpUQrAl85JPEAEzify0u33SFpMyMxLqBEDBOMc+8z7cCcOLjJ0mFCPXNHNs/rrmr8IVBu42VSq37pvGaYID5J58qtDxj07affDvQazkvuRAA8qsB35gcSeCTnnRO02P7MfAanUDEeJbVZGlZjy2+T6gE6cNvLlyTOAYxAn6Y9fz15fL9TGHlaMpz9EKer0K7MWUomLAhYGIEgEeHHBEwTE8tjQZ2hNJVrwRUYggA/u4m1oyQCSCIjmCNMm2cipPmkXLOTcOIB4BmGEmYBAB0u2+7NNz5kcoCzEIRYWEZYeXBjBxiQe+tePlUo+VjWgCr0v50poYp/iMhi2ATE4yCIBIEnmNL9i5/aDZemTB/Eg4ziCI8pkRn7aaDeFqa0qd73m5yBGcs6qzDNxyZx5BgzgCvtXU1HV8oqKQEItDAiGn5YtAz3IjWq+SqDd11UnbqKcUmBuimYEZBAA4By8cY0qXeNTl6P4VgGJMe4MxBMT9NfalZQ1yi0yDHbAGZGTme3poXZ0ndiikyVyLoDDkyZH1z6HVR0I6NSLANDWkxPuMx9YOmFTclkCfhxj6fWfpjQQrBAaYDETMTiY5P0BOdd03cglVkDj6n10pKT0OmymfqyWUVqEkXyYAAVDbeAIABkAwMeUca6iqprsqvaQcFoAgCc5+aMWzyOc6Do1SdnbWpqrI902kPB4zMEGeI7LnGsG2tyAmpLATa2ZBgwjCVmZ7j05xq8hVDg9eVxVK0UFzmDmbWDAj1LSSbiTbMDWW7ZFKmkRNRbrBdKTgrJmcHmZ5wNJOnOSwpyEYmMkgYEyTnk/00VXd6blyoutgMrAwYEGV74jOee+m9Dsph1B0NJCAi0hmmVmWxJcCLmJ9eAedSPUKxqV6tSIubsIEjBAjGI4HGm9DfJRW55ZZygMFu+c5j+ek/XviirumphgqUqQIp0k4QH3OSfUnn2GBMlaEbUqgdbScjg+ml+7VgRcPbQ7P5gVMY1yvWZoB7alIAptyeO2u22pMeFJjmATGhtuwug8d/wDPbVB0XrZ28KyBkyDEqxBIJM8H0H5azkq0TrQL0raPVqFVKAKtxmRIBWTNsgQZ+353/wAPdEUU6rXlaAF7sBe/skLyBBM+kH6LNn0+kSK1CbX5YmZ7Wk8q3Egzpx0/eeETSW5VALsHHMgAi4dgBgGO8+9xlx3emXgcfDGyWnSFVqcuz4NQEEATDAkEDAmY9saoaW9mCzRn5CFXBaBdIBxgSCVJXBJ1KbDq15cIbVXzLBgi0qQFiSKYGCBDe/o2p9ZpvmVAVwwJaGpm5kIgFjMSB9eOY2TKTHwdoBBBIIJkQCBCkiFm6bgCQI+wOu5cEAEmQ4MAlSO4u4lIyS04BEE6k0+IFeoFpCneULlnqFPEbMIVgAvkESeCOJGmqqyvUa52D4VnRRhRcqhRaweS0E8he2NClegsbLvVqTYWkmLgrRwBhoX2z3nn0mvizp1KoS8Ia9NbnIBLWSRK5M298EwM6J3vXFBCVwqK7WqxL+GykFkIe3yHMYGORg6L3NkEtmmaZpPxcpyAQwIyQSIEHieQAPzYGed9BebrhJtMKSDwRGWHfHt9Bpp1Hpe1dr2o1aoUMAbioELIJzMe+Y541N73bVkJSxyaZNMsMyQYmCvlmPXuMxzX/DzmmoNVCFcRLpgZyGYnBGMH+HBJ0ccepqo4onP/AI7tR+HdnvIpkjOYmwTHE941zV3R3CqoVKihQMD5o9gSwMfy1zW3Zi6EDvd2wc3m6m2FfuBIJWMgH+/fQTVCRPHto/qLo7vaLUfNsyoPqJ4zoLb0kSZqSeTmNfNznF/c8+zt+0yFgx76zPS/3VVFqMpqG7BFp9iI+uuzbZDkG5Tznj8tbUEjHMcahTcP0OguiUp9G3HiKgVwrtaGggSImZjIGcxMGNW6fDdGyxg1hW4C9ouWf90wRdgzEmInTjpm0pXrUj97YLjAx65iftovfwAOCBP5Ht/x/fXq93KKZbljBKb/AOD6bN4ysVTJCRcWjPlk/wAycntOpxNu1Fi6q1IqCbnEkHIiRgyDn0zAwDqw68S/hI7urVmCrTpZJHaBE+0yACfSdda/w3SSmQjEkkqCG9DcvBtOe45Gec6qM5JW9DTrLI3p2zohQK1Iyx5uY3STHlW2B/5VFnETrej1FaVVUWlTp0nhDUpqLgDMsGJZjDCYZzhfo2mO8+GGkBHFR1UkmbUA4Mwbm5OBz6af9I6ds6VPw9ztQKhHelfeB5wAvZ82myO2cSN4ctrJ0QlgQ77olWpLGq0A55dpEggtcDIz2gZjGNTO63xDtEmPKC3zADAn39T669D6pXpK9T981OiAWk+ZzUu+VUhYGe/B9c68y6ifO0ALngGQPv3+us4ud5MW3ZpXqoyXDFQ1DgcBYkQf/KRA9Pprvs+ouvlYyvMH/PfQCHv3Gdff2gjP4hEf+9aK7Gjm/wB2XY+mhY11mTOtkXVlM6hdF0VDCDhhwfX2Pp9ddCgJMcDv/fR/TKFoV8MWMBSoYQOSZn6ahslnTY9OvPlYFw0FCCMeoJ5j0ie+mG7o2ixiZUmRGA3Ag+4AP279mO0SrTZSqobSWAwrZgQrcyREKSe+MnSzqG98UlrbTOR24j159o1m22ybth3TNw4XyU1VVtBYXZPaZciTHYDjVV16i9LbUxWtNSovkVZunkg4wVuGDzkdtQFElbmGDHPp/npo/wCIetNuCrEkKJhP4eBE9x6E++s+kZPIUgJKpw3v21ffBXVlpUHhmvYks0fKYwLgLiDwQCIycHmc2Y24SlTYrUdoJAuABI+Un6nt3/LQPV95Tvu2wamGAuTAAIGYj3zjW0WNMu991xCKdWVaAKVtqqGpVCtwCjIgoxmAQCRAES76d10EOoICr5oF5cIYtPe5g3cAQFX0140HnkyT9ye/5aPo9YrIUKtgcnEnsRzxGO2rUyuxf1viGm48NW8aoKq2h1tLNfGTaAMljLAfNBzBFPToixFZWRzAKnm4TPczmTiQYHpry34f6vZVZggvNEqWYwFgr5xJnAHrnnsdW/SevVBazQVhgGacEmQqqD8qgFRkcj304TRUZDpmNZSjG10JRjgyhOIPYxxPGedC7mgUYlC1mA6yW+hAOZA7SMRHA0u/63aWc0wrufMsxJJAuzMDnntomp1tL0TysCwUEOTcx9fJjMEGCOR21rg6Ipgr7Zf4VGBgzIxwYMT7DXNOqqOST4VM/Vs//rrmjBVnkQ6/TJAsMH0fj2N1Mce0j30RWSlEslVfcWsP0f8ApoDpWwBCFkP8V3ZsiFj2j6kk+2ieqbsKrKphxwOCP/f+DXiyhFTUYI85rJntmRWBp1hHcMCJ9uCNUFHdJMQJ+8/nx/LUOK14yLWEZUfN6k9gfporZPUJCjzAjA59R9QZHH9NXyfTWrsbiqLhOvU6TYk9iszPrB7cZ0dQ31y3kQSTgz9o9R3nUlQVVaLPErd0mAvJIOMtnIPoB9Ta26ZqRIRhmApHf6RmD9P74NyilGH8mbNqtMftQreIzu0goD+GAsrjCyJOQMx7FjvuoJTDEkDMqJGZA4mOPXHOlHUOpeEio4AZvM9mCIIhTHrEe3OuL1CjVa5abE4+YYAEQog9on1P5a6FJ0nIeWB7uoQRVhg1ThlByFPGfQmZiM951pu+tVKdis4DUyYe0TJJyrBZ7ZInM6+12YL5iWVmMrMZQdjBx8wgjsY0o3ouAaJBEAyTBPmtJPsQfsddkORP2/4aRZj1TrBrVPErMXJOSO+InPt+f66T7gi4xMdp5+/vrTeKy2ggZFwj0Oftz/kaz223ZzAjAnP+c60WWMwOvhUmcYHPt208HSUUMrsS8wCBCjkZM5MwQMffuy2VXw0KKAQVgyBBkQcEQ0/0zJjWigMm+ndNep8qOw9QJjnuYHb11p1HZ2VGVZIWO3Ejg5P8zp+hwAWqIomYMd59M/b3122u4q7aqX24Y+KIcmAnzXAD0tgG6e/acjjQEkdMOmdUalwAR6ET+Xpo/rQpN4cgIxyXUAjnIIHzEDAE9xwNL7aWbb4HdyB+g474k/pqJKhGlXfPUcM0tBEKMRkcRn2nnTXqUP8AvFACsACjYZXiCSJycTcImeOdBdK6qlJgbFcz3pq0e+SP549+NOK6JVqXPTdKRYllUwQYMMZnk9hAwQIOdZPDEThOI/zuOPvrqi5E69Fbo1Grtht9uCx8z03KoreIIuWo5AlTKqIIIgSCOU1T4D3SuVtWAJvnymIntMieCAeYmNSvgqhQeqMC1qIoZbYtmAe4nhs/MMj6Y0vKkYiIxnVP0v4c8eq1GkpLUlYu7OLSw4UWg4LQMEmCfTSf4j6RuNoYrU4BgBwDaSRNskfNGYzEidVGOBUwCz11qmYEgCeT29/XQa7mcH+em1PaUfDl2a5vlC8jOSR7jsR/bTbUVYhk9el4LbcAFyRFSMgDMnJAk88+2jehvXNEUwSEVi08ZMXQeSfp6n6ie2UUqgLLcpgm8E4+gMHGM/lo5OquXYhylxMDJt9AABOB6RrKcntCdlbuq9MrbVvbIYmefaDPrIH37a+1NqtMGqmTHlVkgscQfm8gmDOPtpd0Om7+ZSZP4nBn9f8A1pt/0ipcWlSfVpj/AOvH5/ppQ5J1oqPLKKoG3HxWKbFGrgMuCPLg/wCd9c0TU2Sz53pXd5ZVM/SMa5p9pfJXisWbmtSEcHxYKMmcg9/4Z/hk+/bXRE2tQ2syVHgozXCY7cEznv7amtptmpKajCjVBPlIqBhI/DCsDPfOI1W7NKNTFNRUKrcyoCVQAe6+ggATx2jXDPifG/Lf5/JnIXdX+GIW+gLhyaYMGMRaeDBk5En1J5VdPpmjTUxNScLzlp59WjHt7asum7mkreUhS3IvuE9wQeD99QlfctLuSD58Sc98jvHbWicpRom2NumbOpRdoBZamTMAr3GbvNk8x21233xEtM+GvnI5P4QefuR9tKB1Gs6NY3HMcieM/bn15OgqHS2Vh4s2Hhk815PZTxPeDHB40l9N3l25RpZtjpdyGFzBWHBAABz7Tgj8iBGt2pA5tx9CCe/H88CM+uh+nqtAG52hhdkRgZHBKz359OOxGy68huFgjkFhM/YD+/fjUSg+1R17icfYW9Q31VAFEqJuuum4ifbEScaT1K2MEgcx2nify1Y1GBADp/3SfDNuQLQQMKLhmZjB++pSqFJKMPMDAcYkd7hGf0M67eLCoaA6huXJ440f0ik4AINMAzFwEnjIOCPbPrg6Eq7Zki5SJEiRyPX6aK2m58hYqCEjkxPEAY7R/k56ePZYwoDINSe5I9MTwD3B9PaNMmNNqflVh5ckkHJiO2Fj9foYVbJ7lEtDEFg0mB6e+CI7xHB0wpkuhQWhKKXFs+YCATiJLYGQJnOtkxoCeRmDIgGBwce2fp76Z7xAu2Z3ZBkFKd8lyYi0TIEckT8uY5CpnVfMbyGacEYAxAJmck/prD/o9Wu5q0qFQI58rN8skhcuYWS3OcGfTSnL0CgKo7VWBiAMKBJ+0+v9tZ77o9WmQHWCRwSJxIMifb+XrquL0KCCl4TMym41JsYMQPKfDm4KQCPMeSO+lnRuhU97uai+NUU8w8BhkDzsTlskkAHg5nBxd7CjX4Mbb7eqKm4qWMilwFW8tPlCggwDktn7zxq6pbDY7iqlekpL1pxcSobMsysO3OHB7xPMuvwvt9vUZd2zKtPMs3/cngU4AkiJJtYCQCPWi6Z02mKJO3eqTUhl8+VPz0/KuC4IDAnJF2MYhO1ZaHXhAchiU84p7YgI5hSb1gENIM9sgZ0Udres16bJTRgwve9yVz5wCfIR2BgRJxnQnT99V8OKrEuAweFsvzIKOQogKT5g2IPlxpl+3hAtR18jCCwJdARB4ACyZbOADJjIkpaKoUfFfV/AoGpTQ0iXBVkI8w+Zj80NOfLGZMcSPK/iB67lTXYsGlkYmQwPcEfy7Tq86zWSnuWqdR24NKoltIqGJQXGJ+XKjy+uF7HU9u+qUG3DgFrGW1TUnDE3HBGFmQF80CJJ0N5M5EIgz/TTRKzsILEyQPoPX9I9dD7naMGY2EAH14nIHP661cOrEcDANvynEgenI/OdXdkjv4fADLe6KgkEtGC3qJ83EXcDOtzsaalqiboB0exZBWGmDiCYzGB+Wp7bEXqI5xJ925iOY/l9tXiVKCyFphZ5MASft5idZSdEsGq9RdFC+IAsALJYT7km1mPtE/z1nT3e4a2bqgmQeTPqJ755xH21n/0x61UsGekvYRwB/wDkDznjk99dukV6amoQtRgDy85P+6BC/TJ1zTUtoSDFsgA+MCABFk8fVSfzJ1zXan1cR5qTk97QVH2UqY/M65rDxOb2X+y+zJz4g3RqPeq2o3lWeWA/hxlc8jv9NE0Kz7ektwcfMVn5ZiJBUTHbmCe4g677kl9wW3RalVWQXyytA8tpUwFHquPNPedb/CJphmpHfLQpkzaqsC3HDOAqme2ZzjXS4rrkGs0Tm+607i2FXMyBH8sT7886f7Xooe6ckhSJIk+WGEAzySZ9ho/4n6eds/h1EQU3gpWVYDW8K47HM8wfziZfqpSCssGEiWi3MZEEziYnvottLw0SzSlbTmaYn0IzHf66OYrVKm21otEACYGJnBJGM5OubPqtM0i7lQQR2nPoBcWJ94A/XSjd9aqFhYzIozE9+Z41ioznLK/exUDNVqVTET2gL64jiT/zr7+zvSYiDg/Rs8Y/XHbOnVHoiBaLVHcB2IcEBhfMR5SIByPXH5Ld2i0SbA1pkAMcKQe3rjXVFrSKjKg9t6zLcxuAFhcLlfQSFgccH0PHOk9fdXiTBeck8xnj29tdd31atUUK9RisAQTyFm0H1iTE8aH2u3NRrRA92MD89WoJaG69DtX3DFgWPmGP+PbWl16KogQCT3Ez3x3/AMOh6tMhyrEEjmD7eutKSKFJyT+QGtUwDNvUJpMzsxzC5gA8D2j+x10p7q0XKxFQHAA7eoMxngjQFWvwF+Uf5/n012VARcxxqpOxoaUSzwxAPoO08wAcZ4jVmnUxTc1W3N1MeSqyD5HhDHmBV4MeUA/NxcPLHbEh6MqT5C1y+g5nvj+ZxzGhuu7im7UjSCgqLWA/ikm6YyDdHc4M86uklY06N63VKbBadNSmRLVGDHuABZTAXBHaPIPXTTbdWqbQOiimWqLBcq1yjvAYgdgZjkDU2lPzWMLTPftgj8iQNd9xXbBLXi3E8gek8yPXXPNNyTRLKbYJ+1NToVXdUVS2KgmDGPPChicwfT10fW6RW226fb7XcsgamGAqEZIDAoSgMN5SBaDMxPEx4MUyzPDsPKIOYwYI4IB1ovVdxDk1qpVxLMSTfEfiOcR69o04JJUOLPRE6s1SnTuqojuKfjMiTVvYAoFtAUFjcCZNpUY5n5vkZlVqO8rEV0sIamCXYYItBBVebmgkZIY+bUhvPigVNlT2sAwAAGBNhXurE/jk47ARidBdN68u2DCmFZjALMl0wOQSYA9JB+Ue+rouz70XqFI1RT3KNEhDDlCmcgx8wnsRjMQdEdYahtqlM7Wo1QOgY3AAoZwDbAMjJFqxI7yAbud3tt6N1WbbgVG/eNVDsCgkAG0SogczM+snUWrrMXHmCSP1EE6TgqJkNq248SmoTDLNw/iHM5PzDP2A9hrXpXXwh/e0w+IJiSV9DP8AOfTQe2Z2HhIQQW5AHJ9WIuAxxobdUbHZJDEGJHf6eus3BPDIKZep0kqLUppSqU2OVcWmkRmATyDkgxOCMxJqdl8QbWoshM/iVVhlnuCsXCfTORI155t9pUVal1NgAguuEWywCmDB5Efc9tPOg1kpKWTw/EtkFzBn0At+xlgPXWclSEy5PTUYAoXAImQSD+TZI1juPhWpUYMrzABBwrAeoYGR+WkQ3W5oqa1Q02RhcIYSD/tn+LggEjPGu1D4grU1EP4KMbiGEtniDaZBHAAOe3fWXZ6HBRvI8X4J3jCV8ZgeD4iGf/tn89fdabHd7hqaEVaolRgtYfuoXB1zVWvk38H8s8q3dUMxhQMn5Zzn0JMfbXeh0ytUUlKTsAJMKT/zr0Lq1LYrUK+BTi0EkKPLPaYBjnvpPX+KUoEDbKHW2Bfd5YMQByRAHeP1lw5FPRz6wJNh8ROKdSjuA9ek4HlaowKss2lWMxE8RBx6aSM/I7H9OP1xrapUvcs34mJMe5kxOjf2EVZeksJMBSSTAA9Bmf6+mrbUcsGxY6REEGeI/l9db9T2vhQQblOL1ypPcAiQYxquR0ZQKu1poLRNpwYGCQeO/wCKRPOk3UOm0RSIWvwxZUEMATGCRntEn9e6XLG6CxBt67fg59vQA/yE63/bS4VXY2qDA9JyYHudddtRamfEQyVHpjIIPcGcx+uvu+QLFqFVPmF3Mcc/mceutsegzWtXC+VVTEeYqCT+f3xrJ+oMBbgj/wAQPtxoaq851kBMnQkFHd3nPfXBUMROs5nXxzA1dDOykA5g+2u1efXEY0PGj2ZFSV8zd1biIyZEd+3I99D2Mx2FVla5WtIByDB9cHscYjPprt5YJuJef8M+s6FJ+301ydU0MNqdQcqFOSItJ5Ht7giOfQa6GpKhYgg/nPf7ca7GuGU3AFvXgkf1P9PvOaRacGR3nt9NTQg1mNUimoBtuKwMkWyR7ny47/poob6pRIFQA/iVgFM9pu7iOx4OIGkgnnvrUbthIBIB7A/p/ntoWASCOlrTHmbLA4U98enf/jWXUqSK/kYFT7yR7HA/kNCka+RqgNlqwCB3510NErEjkSPpoylsjarlCVyZBkGMdvlyQM65WS6ncIlQJz2JgQPvqdAH9N3hSiSOUODj8XPPt399adE3WGSeTP8AfS/ZwaTrOZWB6/5H66edH6IaddRWHlIJEE549PrrOVIhhBqsXheCuR65/ETz/wA6O6Z06jKixWebiSzBQQDzniY/IaMq77Z0WVWRCxxhLoz3kx9+cHVjtul0DTuHhBoLRaAIHqY/XWEpJMEmyb3G7pAOSwZljkTlpMLIzxk+hOgOu9WpIEDG8VBJgBrQCYaCbTBEEc850hrb81XZmUIxOUAgDAj9P66HqIDyAdC4knY6KGh1hEUKoJUcWs6D7KDA1zU6qgCBxrmjwYlUf//Zhttp://erdo-mezo.hu/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/kaukazusi_medvetalp2.jpg
Biljke iz roda Heracleum kod ljudi uzrokuju tzv. FITOFOTODERMATITIS. Naime, koža kontaminirana biljnim sokom i izložena suncu, tj. ultravioletnom zračenju REAGIRA OSIPOM, a unutar 48 sati mogu se stvoriti plikovi na koži. Fototoksična reakcija na koži razvije se 15 minuta nakon kontakta s biljkom, a vrhunac reakcije je 30 minuta do 2 sata nakon kontakta. Otprilike tjedan dana nakon kontakta s biljkom i izraženog fotodermatitisa razvije se hiperpigmentacija kože koja može potrajati mjesecima pa čak i godinama. Isto tako koža može dugo vremensko razdoblje ostati osjetljiva na UV- zračenje, vlagu i znoj te toplinu. Sve biljke iz roda 'Heracleum' sadrže naime u svojim biljnim sokovima tzv. linearne furanokumarine ili furankumarine, a pojedini furanokumarini su svrstani u skupinu karcinogenih i/ili teratogenih tvari.
 
Svaki kontakt s ovim biljnim vrstama, pa tako i gigantskom šapikom treba obavezno izbjegavati, a vrtlari i radnici koji suzbijaju korove na javnim površinama moraju nositi odgovarajuću zaštitnu odjeću, rukavice i naočale, jer furanokumarin može uzrokovati i privremenu ili čak trajnu sljepoću. Biljna vrsta poznata kao Heracleum sosnowskii opisana je 1944. kada je uvezena u Europu kao VRSTA ZA STOČNU HRANU zbog svoje goleme biomase. Biljka je dobila naziv u čast ruskog botaničara imenom Dmitrii Ivanovich Sosnowski, a potječe također s područja Kavkaza. Ova biljna vrsta je 1940-ih unesena u Latviju, Estoniju, Litvu, Bjelorusiju, Ukrajinu, bivšu Njemačku Demokratsku Republiku (Istočna Njemačka) i dr. No, danas je to uobičajeno rašireni korov u državama Baltika, u Ukrajini, Bjelorusiji, Rusiji i Poljskoj gdje se nekada koristila kao silaža za prehranu stoke.
 
Jedna zanimljivost je ta što biljka u svojoj postojbini na Kavkazu naraste 1 do 1,5 m dok u Poljskoj na primjer, naraste 3 do 3,5 m. Ova biljka također sadrži alergen i otrov furanokumarin. Uzgoj ove biljne vrste napušten je u Baltičkim državama iz dva razloga: prvi je snažan miris sličan anisu u mesu i mlijeku životinja hranjenih silažom ove biljke, a drugi je visoki rizik za ljudsko zdravlje kao i zdravlje goveda. Ipak, u pojedinim djelovima sjeverne Rusije još se navodno i danas uzgaja.   
 
'Heracleum mantegazzianum', gigantska šapika ili gigantski svinjski korov potječe s područja zapadnog Kavkaza i u Europi je ova biljka opisana 1895. Međutim, pregledom starih botaničkih zapisa u nekoliko različitih europskih država saznajemo da je ova biljna vrsta unesena u Europu (Velika Britanija, Norveška i Nizozemska) mnogo ranije. Tako prvi botanički zapis o gigantskoj šapiki (H. mantegazzianum) potječe iz 1817. gdje se biljka nalazila na popisu sjemenske liste u Botaničkom vrtu KEW u Londonu (Kew Botanic Gardens). Sjeme ove „dekorativne“ biljke sijalo se u botaničkim vrtovima diljem Velike Britanije, a podatci o uzgoju ove gorostasne „ukrasne“ biljke postoje u 14 europskih država i to mnogo prije 1900-ih.
 
Gigantska šapika ili gigantski svinjski korov naraste 4-5 metra, to je višegodišnja zeljasta biljka. Stabljika je snažna i šuplja, promjera 4-10 cm, rjeđe 15 cm, a listovi su nasuprotni trodjelni, dužine 1 do 1,5 metar pa i više (do 3 m!). Cvjetovi su bijelo-krem boje i brojni, sastavljeni u tzv. štitac promjera 50-80 cm, a jedna biljka može imati i do 80.000 cvjetova. Cvijeta od lipnja do kolovoza, a jedna biljka proizvede između 20.000 do 100.000 sjemenki. Stoga je reproduktivni potencijal ove biljne vrste zaista golem.
http://www.biopix.com/photos/heracleum-sphondylium-00027.jpg
'Heracleum persicum' je biljna vrsta čija taksonomija u Europi je još manje jasna od prethodne dvije. Biljka je opisana 1829. i navodno potječe iz Turske, Irana i Iraka. No, sumnja se kako se opis zapravo odnosio na H. mantegazzianum ili H. sosnowskii. Jedina poznata divlja populacija ove biljke u Europi nalazi se na području Skandinavije. No, prvi zapisi o ovoj biljnoj vrsti potječu iz 1819. i to opet iz londonskog Botaničkog vrta 'KEW' (Kew Botanic Gardens). Također se u 19. stoljeću uzgajala kao ukrasna biljka. Na kraju je potrebno naglasiti kako taksonomija gore navedenih gigantskih invazivnih vrsta nije u potpunosti razjašnjena pa su stoga i opisi H. mantegazzianum, H. sosnowskii i H. persicum samo preliminarni.
 
Invazivne strane biljne vrste poput 'gigantskih svinjskih korova' iz roda Heracleum zaista sve više zabrinjavaju, jer ovi korovi imaju ozbiljne i negativne učinke na raznolikost ekosustava. Gigantska šapika ili gigantski svinjski korov kao i druge invazivne vrste iz roda 'Heracleum' uzrokuju smanjenje biljne raznolikosti gdje god se pojave jer počinju rasti ranije od ostalih biljnih vrsta a odlikuju se izrazito brzim rastom – snažni su kompetitori za svijetlo. A posljedica smanjenja biljne raznolikosti je i smanjenje raznolikosti faune. Nadalje, sve invazivne strane vrste, pa tako i gigantska šapika uzrokuje ekonomske štete i gubitke, a u slučaju 'invazivnih gigantskih svinjskih korova' postoji opasnost i za zdravlje ljudi. Stoga je EU još početkom 2002. pokrenula projekt („Giant Alien“, završio 2005.) o integriranom pristupu razvoja održive strategije kontrole invazivnih biljnih vrsta/korova u EU. Kako bi iskorjenjivanje ove strane invazivne biljne vrste bilo što jeftinije i što uspješnije, nacionalni, regionalni i lokalni programi ili točnije strategije moraju imati PROGRAM ŠTO RANIJEG OTKRIVANJA i vrlo brzog djelovanja. Pojedine države su putem medija, javnih glasila, interneta, publikacija, letaka i sl. obavještavale i obavješćuju stanovništvo o svim problemima i opasnostima vezanim uz pojavu gigantskih korova iz roda 'Heracleum' a građani su ujedno i pozvani u uključenje za rano otkrivanje i dojavu eventualnih novih žarišta invazivnih stranih vrsta.
 

Rodjena Marija Kuhar   

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