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Značajno negativna promjena u sadržaju kolostruma ima i te kako važnu ulogu u rastu mladunčadi

 
 
Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute for Science in Society, objavila je vrlo zanimljiv tekst u kojem je predstavila rezultat značajnog znanstvenog istraživanja. Nova znanstvena studija, piše dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, otkrila je da koze hranjene genetski modificiranom sojom tolerantnom na herbicid glifozat MON 4-3-2 (proizvod kompanije 'Monsanto') imaju znatnu promjenu u sastavu kolostruma, odn. prvog mlijeka izrazito bogatog hranjivim tvarima koje se stvara za vrijeme bređosti. Kolostrum je izrazito bogat sadržajem proteina/bjelančevina, vitamina i antitijela/protutijela koja imaju ulogu u zaštiti novorođenih od različitih bolesti.
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Znanstveni rad objavljen je „online“ 31. siječnja 2015. u časopisu „Small Ruminant Research“ („Istraživanje malih preživača“ - časopis Međunarodnog udruženja uzgajivača koza), a istraživanje je provedeno na Sveučilištu u Napulju, Italija, pod vodstvom prof. Lombardia. Ovo znanstveno istraživanje moramo gledati u svjetlu novijih istraživanja u kojima je otkriveno prisustvo herbicida glifozata (ili glifosata) u humanom majčinom mlijeku diljem SAD-a i to u visokim koncentracijama – 1.600 puta veća koncentracija nego što je zakonom dozvoljena gornja granica sadržaja jednog pesticida u pitkoj vodi u Europskoj uniji.
 
Otkrića stručnjaka od goleme su važnosti jer imaju znatan učinak na zdravlje, budući kolostrum ima značajnu kratkoročnu ulogu na zdravlje i opstanak, odn. preživljavanje kod novorođenih preživača jednako kao i kod novorođenih beba. Nadalje, osim što je kolostrum iznimno bogat hranjivim tvarima, on je bogat i u sadržaju protutijela ili antitijela koja su esencijalno važna za tzv. pasivan prijenos imuniteta s majke na mladunčad u prvih 24 – 48 sati njihovog života. To isto vrijedi i za novorođenčad.
 
Već je dobro poznato da poremećena probava ili apsorbcija antitijela iz kolostruma kod preživača neminovno uzrokuje stanje tzv. sekundarne imunodeficijencije, radi čega je mladunčad znatno podložna bakterijskoj septikemiji i uobičajenim bolestima, dok je rizik od uginuća znatno povećan u prvih 10 tjedana života. Humano majčino mlijeko također ima ulogu u zaštiti novorođenčeta od proljeva, infekcija dišnih putova i nekrotičnog enterokolitisa.
 
U navedenoj studiji sudjelovalo je 40 muške jaradi i njihove majke poznate talijanske pasmine 'Cilantana' iz Napuljske regije. Sve koze su do ovog istraživanja imale isti broj jarenja, a u prethodnim laktacijama dale su slične količine mlijeka. Šezdeset dana prije jarenja sve bređe koze bile su podijeljene u grupe i to: dvije ispitne grupe – svaka grupa 10 koza, i one su hranjene genetski modificiranom/GM sojom; te dvije kontrolne grupe (u svakoj je 10 koza), koje su hranjene konvencionalnom (genetski ne-modificiranom) sojom. Sve skupine hranjene su neograničenom količinom kvalitetnog sijena uz dodatak iste koncentracije konvencionalne soje ili genetski modificirane soje. U svrhu potvrde prisutnosti GM hrane korišten je specifičan laboratorijski test, tzv. lančana reakcija polimeraze koja je također korištena i u dokazu genetski ne-modificirane soje za kontrolnu grupu koza koje su hranjene genetski ne-modificiranom sojom.
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
Eva Sirinathsinghji
 
Kod koza iz ispitnih grupa koje su hranjene genetski modificiranom sojom otkriveno je dramatično smanjenje sadržaja proteina/bjelančevina u kolostrumu: 6,1 % i 6,0 % dok je kod dvije kontrolne grupe sadržaj proteina u kolostrumu bio 18,7 % i 18,8 %. Nadalje, prosječni sadržaj masti u kolostrumu obje kontrolne grupe bio je 7,2 % i 7,1 % dok je kod koza u obje ispitne grupe iznosio 4,6 %. A na kraju ono najvažnije: prosječan sadržj protutijela u kolostrumu koza iz obje kontrolne grupe bio je 33,2 % i 31,2 % dok je kod koza iz obje ispitne grupe (koze hranjene GM sojom) prosječan sadržaj protutijela u kolostrumu bio 20,9 % i 18,0 %.
 
Značajne razlike uočene su i 15 dana nakon jarenja, a sve se vratilo u normalu nakon 30 dana. Smanjena koncentracija protutijela u kolostrumu objašnjava se smanjenim sadržajem proteina, iako nije posve jasno zašto je koncentracija proteina u mlijeku bila smanjena i 15 dana nakon jarenja. Autori ove znanstvene studije smatraju da je to možda zbog manjka B limfocita, stanica koje proizvode protutijela (antitijela). Analiza težine jaradi pokazala je znatno smanjenje težine jaradi u dobi od 30 dana i to onih koza koje su bile hranjene GM sojom: prosječna težina jaradi od koza iz obje ispitne grupe bila je 8,3 kg i 8,2 kg dok je jarad koza iz obje kontrolne grupe imala prosječnu težinu 9,5 kg i 9,4kg. Nadalje, težina jaradi u dobi od 60 dana (netom prije klanja) iz obje ispitne grupe bila je 10,3 kg i 10,1 kg, a težina jaradi iz obje kontrolne grupe bila je 12,5 kg i 12,3 kg. Nije uočena značajna razlika u težini pojedinih unutarnjih organa. No, razina serumskih protutijela (IgG) bila je značajno niža kod jaradi iz obje ispitne grupe.
 
Ova znanstvena studija dokazala je da značajno negativna promjena u sadržaju kolostruma ima i te kako važnu ulogu u rastu mladunčadi, a posljedica je kasnija smanjena težina životinja. Znanstvenici su otkrili i transgenu DNK u kolostrumu koza hranjenih genetski modificiranom sojom. Ovo je otkriveno zahvaljujući nedavnom otkriću transgene DNK iste sekvence  - promotor mozaičnog virusa cvjetače (CaMV 35S) u genomu DNK organa štakora hranjenih genetski modificiranom hranom (naslov originalnog teksta: CaMV 35S Promoter in GM Feed that Sickened Rats Transferred into Rat Blood, Liver and Brain Cells; Science in Society 65, 32-33, 2015.). 
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
Horizontalni prijenos transgene DNK u genom onih koji se hrane genetski modificiranom hranom, ili mikroba koji žive u organizmu onih hranjenih GM hranom, predstavlja još jedan i do sada nepoznat i neotkriven rizik kao i opasnost koju donose genetski modificirane poljoprivredne kulture. Promotor CaMV 35S nosi i svoj vlastiti, specifičan rizik uključujući njegovu sklonost rekombinaciji s DNK, što potencijalno modificira (mijenja) sekvence genoma onih koji se hrane genetski modificiranom hranom. On je također aktivan u stanicama sisavaca, što znači da može utjecati i na ekspresiju ostalih gena, uljučujući i tzv. neaktivne ('spavajuće') viruse. Ovo je sada potpuno novo otkriće koje je u suprotnosti s dosadašnjim tvrdnjama o navodnom cijepanju nukleotida u probavnom traktu, čime se sprječava svaka toksičnost transgene DNK za svakog onog koji konzumira genetski modificiranu hranu.
 
Danas su SAD suočene s najvećom razinom neonatalnog mortaliteta (smrtnosti) od svih industrijaliziranih država. Mnogi različiti faktori sigurno utječu na to, no posve je jasno da cjelovitost prvih obroka novorođenih ima dalekosežne i dugotrajne učinke i mora biti zaštićeno od svakog onečišćenja s pesticidima i genetski modificiranom hranom. [Izvor: dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute for Science in Society (ISIS izvješće: 16. 3. 2015.)]
 

Prevela: Rodjena Marija Kuhar, dr. med. vet.

Osvrt na intervju Nevena Budaka u Večernjem listu od 10. siječnja 2015.

          
 
Poznato je u eksperimentalnoj znanosti (fizici, kemiji,...) da postojanje sustavne pogrješke, a koja je imanentna samoj metodi mjerenja, onemogućava dobivanje rezultata točnijeg od reda veličine te sustavne pogrješke. Zato su u egzaktnim znanostima odavno shvatili da se sustavna pogrješka može izbjeći samo promjenom metode mjerenja. Primijenimo li ovu logiku na dio društvenih istraživanja, posebno na istraživanja u sustavu naobrazbe, brzo ćemo uočiti da je ta sustavna pogreška ugrađena u samu metodu istraživanja, čak štoviše, uključena je i što je posebno pogubno, u izbor ljudi koji provode ta istraživanja.
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
U osobama Nevena Budaka, profesora s Filozofskog fakulteta, i mladog Borisa Jokića, djelatnika Instituta za društvena istraživanja, uviđamo taj problem. To su osobe koje u istraživanju kvalitete sustava naobrazbe ne mogu izaći iz svog ograničenog i skučenog ''društvenjačkog okvira''. To su osobe (i mnogi njima slični) koje do kraja, i bez ostatka ne mogu same sebi priznati da su se nametnule u pokušaju kreiranja obrazovnog sustava i da su uzrok svih nevolja u sustavu naobrazbe od Šuvarevih vremena do danas. To su osobe koje unatoč vrlo preciznim pokazateljima glede kvalitete našeg obrazovnog sustava, OECD-ovog PISA istraživanja, ne mogu sami sebi priznati da su izvan realnog vremena i prostora.
 
Posljedica je vrtnja u krugu, nesagledavanje bitnih problema u školstvu kao i načina rješavanja tih problema. Da budem konkretan: Jedan od većih problema je nepostojanje realnih i prirodnih kriterija u osnovnom-obvezatnom školstvu, a što se ogleda u činjenici da imamo 75 % odlikaša koji završavaju tu razinu obrazovanja. Oni taj problem guraju pod tepih i bulazne o nekoj devetogodišnjoj obveznoj osnovnoj školi uvodeći 'nulti razred' za dob djeteta od šest godina. Zar će se time nešto bitno postići? Osim naravno zapošljavanja hiperprodukcijski proizvedenih 'teta učiteljica' s burze rada.
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
Bulazne također, kao nekad i Stipe Šuvar, da nam gospodarstvu manjka kadrova iz strukovnog obrazovanja. Da manjka to je točno, ali taj problem je nemoguće početi rješavati ako se ne uvažavaju preporuke OECD-ovog PISA projekta kao i porazni rezultati u znanju matematike i prirodoslovlja, u tom istom istraživanju, naših 15-godišnjaka u tri navrata: 2006., 2009. i 2012. godine. A PISA test je jako važan, posebno za najbogatije države Europe, jer on daje točan pokazatelj kakva će biti ekonomija za 20 godina, jer je dokazano da je PISA test u korelaciji s bruto nacionalnim dohotkom za 20 godina. PISA testovi su globalni pokazatelj sposobnosti učenika u dobi od 15 godina, a ocjenjuju se matematika, čitalačke kompetencije i prirodne znanosti. Naglasak je na primjenjenom znanju, a ne definicijama, nabrajanjima i podjelama popularnim u hrvatskim školama.
 
Zar nije znakovito da nam je profesor Kwong WaiLeung s The Chinese University of Hong Kong,jedan od voditelja PISA projekta, na upit naših školskih 'stručnjaka' što moramo činiti, rekao: ''Naučite djecu do 15 godine dva jezika-engleski i matematiku''?  Spomenuti dvojac ne razumije da problem neodabira strukovnih zanimanja od strane završenih osnovaca, kao i neodabir  'tvrdih studija' (tehnike, prirodoslovlja, matematike…) od strane brucoša nije samo refleksija stanja u društvu, već je prvenstveno posljedica oskudnog znanja mladih iz područja koja su relevantna u PISA istraživanjima. Za ilustraciju može poslužiti činjenica da je zagrebački FER uveo po prvi puta od kada postoji repetitorij iz matematike i fizike u prvom semestru za brucoše. I sve dok spomenuta (i slična ) gospoda pišu strategije obrazovanja možemo pjevati: ''Nema nam pomoći…''
 

Miroslav Dorešić

Međunarodni dan borbe seljaka – 17. travnja

 
 
'La Via Campesina' je međunarodni pokret koji diljem svijeta ujedinjuje milijune seljaka, malih i srednjih poljoprivrednih proizvođača, bezzemljaše, seoske žene, migrante i radnike u poljoprivredi. Pokret je u Monsu, Belgija, 1993. pokrenula skupina poljoprivrednika s četiri kontinenta. Naime, u to vrijeme započela je globalizacija poljoprivredne proizvodnje ili točnije 'agrobiznisa' i poljoprivrednih politika. Stoga su mali poljoprivredni proizvođači osjetili potrebu za svoju borbu i razvoj zajedničke vizije. Organizacije koje ujedinjuju male poljoprivredne proizvođače također su željele da se i njihov glas čuje te da i oni imaju određenu ulogu u donošenju odluka koje se tiču njihovih života i njihove budućnosti.
http://www.climate-justice-now.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/via-campesina.jpg
'La Via Campesina' danas obuhvaća oko 164 lokalnih i nacionalnih organizacija iz 73 države svijeta – Afrike, Azije, Europe, Sjeverne i Južne Amerike. Sve zajedno, ona predstavlja oko 200 milijuna poljoprivrednih proizvođača ili farmera. To je autonoman, pluralni i multikulturalni pokret koji je posve neovisan od bilo kojeg oblika politike i ekonomije. 'La Via Campesina' danas je prepoznata i priznata te ima vodeću ulogu u svim raspravama koje se odnose na hranu i poljoprivredu, prepoznata je među brojnim institucijama, društvenim pokretima od lokalne do globalne razine, uključujući i ulogu u UN-ovoj Organizaciji za hranu i poljoprivredu (FAO) te UN-ovom Vijeću za ljudska prava.
 
'La Via Campesina' je izgrađena na čvrstim temeljima i osjećaju za jedinstvo i solidarnost između svih malih i srednjih poljoprivrednih proizvođača sa Sjevera i Juga. Glavni cilj njihovog pokreta je ostvariti prehrambenu suverenost i zaustaviti destruktivne, odnosno razorne neoliberalne procese. Čvrsto i nepokolebljivo stoji u obrani malih proizvođača u održivoj poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji te se zalaže za promicanje pravde i dostojanstva. Snažno su odupire korporativnoj moći i njihovoj poljoprivrednoj politici koja podjednako uništava i ljude i prirodu. 'La Via Campesina' odlučno brani i prava žena te se zalaže za jednakost spolova. Naime, prema podatcima FAO-a, žene danas proizvode čak 70% hrane, ali su one još uvijek zanemarene jednako kao i njihov težak rad i doprinos u poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji. Upravo je 'La Via Campesina' za vrijeme održavanja Svjetskog 'summita' o hrani 1996. pokrenula ideju o „prehrambenoj suverenosti.“ Ova ideja do danas je prerasla u globalni pokret cijelih naroda.
 
Prehrambena suverenost (neovisnost o hrani) odnosi se na pravo svih naroda i svih ljudi na zdravu i odgovarajuću hranu koja je proizvedena metodama održive poljoprivrede, te njihovo pravo da sami odlučuju o svojoj hrani i poljoprivrednim sustavima koji su primjereni njihovoj kulturi. Prehrambena suverenost na prvo mjesto stavlja upravo proizvodnju hrane na lokalnoj razini kao i konzumiranje domaće hrane. Omogućuje svakoj zemlji da se bori za svoje pravo na zaštitu vlastite lokalne proizvodnje hrane te da štiti svoje male poljoprivrednike od uvoza jeftine hrane. Pravo na korištenje i upravljanje zemljom, teritorijima, vodom, sjemenskim i sadnim materijalom, stočnim fondom i bioraznolikošću mora biti u rukama onih koji proizvode hranu a ne u korporativnom vlasništvu.
 
'La Via Campesina' proglasila je 17. travnja kao Svjetski dan borbe seljaka u svrhu isticanja potrebne borbe i osude kriminalizacije protesta seljaka. Naime, seljaci, poljoprivredni proizvođači danas se progone i trpe kao žrtve svakodnevnog nasilja koje je posljedica djelovanja agrobiznisa i provođenja neoliberalnih politika u ruralnim područjima. Za ovaj pokret međunarodnog karaktera od velikog je značaja ubrzanje odobrenja/priznanja UN-ove Deklaracije o pravima seljaka i drugih ljudi koji žive u ruralnim područjima. Ova Deklaracija biti će glavno „oružje“ u podržavanju borbe za život i dostojanstvo na selu i ruralnim područjima.
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
Ovogodišnji 17. travnja 'La Via Campesina' usmjeruje na borbu protiv transnacionalnih kompanija i sporazuma o slobodnoj trgovini. Stoga posvećuje veliku pažnju i ukazuje na negativne učinke transnacionalnih korporacija kao i na štetne posljedice brojnih sporazuma o slobodnoj trgovini na male i srednje poljoprivredne proizvođače, uključujući i prehrambenu suverenost. Poziva sve seljake i poljoprivrednike na daljnje jačanje socijalne borbe za obranu prava na zemlju svojih pradjedova, što je središnji element poljoprivrede i prehrambene suverenosti naroda.
 
Ovaj dan obilježava se od 1996. u spomen na pokolj 19 seljaka bez zemlje u Brazilu. To je dan kada se jača narodna solidarnost i otpor, kada se produbljuje savez između grada i sela u svrhu podrške društvenog projekta temeljenog na socijalnoj pravdi i dostojanstvu svih. „Mi, žene i muškarci, mali poljoprivredni proizvođači, starosjedioci, bezzemljaši i svi ostali diljem svijeta borimo se za izgradnju modela poljoprivredne proizvodnje temeljene na malim proizvođačima i prehrambenoj suverenosti.“ Sporazumi o slobodnoj trgovini onemogućavaju ovaj projekt. Štoviše, oni uzrokuju raseljavanje, progone i nestajanje seljaka jer se zalažu za kapitalistički industrijalizirani model poljoprivredne proizvodnje koja je izrazito ovisna o primjeni štetnih agrokemijskih sredstava. Ovi sporazumi pregovaraju se daleko od javnosti i pod utjecajem interesa određenog broja multinacionalnih korporacija, dok je glas naroda isključen. Stoga 'La Via Campesina' ističe da politike koje imaju za cilj ukidanje administrativnih ograničenja (propisa i kontrole) jedino služe interesima transnacionalnih korporacija. Svi sprorazumi o slobodnoj trgovini, bez obzira jesu li multi- ili bi-lateralni, oni zahtijevaju zaštitu stranih kompanija te utemeljuju niz propisa, mjera i uvjeta kako bi zaštitili svoje interese. Liberalizacija tržišta ima ozbiljne i teške socijalne i ekonomske učinke na seljake i poljoprivredne proizvođače na Sjeveru i na Jugu.
 
Jedan od novijih primjera jesu pregovori o slobodnoj trgovini između Europske unije, SAD-a i Kanade (TTIP, CETA). Ovi sporazumi potpuno će liberalizirati tržište (trgovinu i ulaganja). Budu li usvojeni i potpisani, ovi sporazumi imati će negativne učinke i dalekosežne posljedice na globalnoj razini. U slučaju usvajanja ovih sporazuma o slobodnoj trgovini, korporacije će dobiti novo „oružje“ kojim će moći manipulirati zakonskim odredbama, normama i javnim politikama, a sve samo u cilju ostvarenja njihovog profita.
 
Mnoge naročito zabrinjava ISDS tj. Investor-State Dispute Settlement / Resolution – arbitražni mehanizam koji znači „podređenost država pravu skrojenom po mjeri multinacionalnih korporacija preko rješavanja sporova između država i tvrtki, odn. investitora.“ Posljedica toga biti će gubitak prava država, regija i zajednica da sami odlučuju o sebi i donose odluke o zaštiti prava vlastitih građana, okoliša i prirode. Dođe li u primjenu ovaj „arbitražni mehanizam,“ on će multinacionalnim kompanijama i korporacijama dati pravo da globaliziraju, transnacionaliziraju i privatiziraju svjetski pravni sustav. Privatne kompanije i korporacije time dobivaju moć i ovlaštenje da pišu zakone i propise te da provode strategiju koja ima za cilj slabljenje država i nacionalne suverenosti. 
 
U međuvremenu je Svjetska trgovinska organizacija (WTO) krenula u novi napad protiv nacionalne proizvodnje hrane, njezine distribucije i sustava prehrambenih rezervi, a sve sa ciljem slabljenja javnih sustava koji štite ljude. Stoga 'La Via Campesina' poziva sve na ujedinjenje i složnost u borbi protiv korporativne poljoprivredne proizvodnje, a za istinsku prehrambenu suverenost koja će svima osigurati opstanak i budućnost.   
     

Rodjena Marija Kuhar, dr. med. vet.

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