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Održan Drugi simpozij iz psihoonkologije

 
 
U organizaciji Razreda za medicinske znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti, KBC-a Sestre milosrdnice, Sekcije za psihoonkologiju Hrvatskog onkološkog društva te Povjerenstva za psihoonkologiju Ministarstva zdravlja, u srijedu 2. prosinca u palači HAZU-a održan je II. simpozij iz psihoonkologije. Na simpoziju se govorilo o psihološko-psihoterapijskom pristupu onkološkom bolesniku kroz predstavljanje suvremenih dostignuća u praktično-kliničkom, znanstveno-istraživačkom i edukativnom smislu kako bi se dao poticaj za veću primjenu psihoonkologije u praksi.
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Simpozij je otvorio predsjednik HAZU-a akademik Zvonko Kusić koji je ujedno i predstojnik Klinike za onkologiju i nuklearnu medicinu KBC-a Sestre milosrdnice i pročelnik Katedre za kliničku onkologiju Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, istaknuvši važnost novog uvida u liječenje onkoloških bolesnika, budući da je uz fizički dio bolesti nužno liječiti i njezin psihički dio. To je posebno važno kod oboljelih od onkoloških bolesti zbog predodžbe da se radi o fatalnim bolestima. Zbog toga oboljeli i članovi njihovih obitelji teško podnose i dijagnozu i liječenje, a kod informiranja o bolesti i prognozama potreban je osjećaj za mjeru. Akademik Kusić je podsjetio da je još 1995. u KBC-u Sestre milosrdnice otvorena prva psihološko-psihijatrijska ambulanta za onkološke bolesnike i članove njihovih obitelji pod vodstvom prof. dr. sc. Križe Katinića na čiju inicijativu je 2006. osnovano i Povjerenstvo za psihoonkologiju Ministarstva zdravlja.
 
Prof. dr. sc. Križo Katinić, predsjednik Povjerenstva za psihoonkologiju Ministarstva zdravlja, kazao je da napredak u liječenju onkoloških bolesti pacijentima daje nove nade, ali i nerealna očekivanja, zbog čega je nužan stalan rad na rješavanju psiholoških problema koji prate bolesnike i njihove obitelji, kao i edukacija liječnika i medicinskog osoblja koji rade s oboljelima od onkoloških bolesti.
 

Marijan Lipovac

Čuvajmo i štitimo naša tla jer ona život znače

 
 
Svjetski dan tla obilježava se diljem svijeta svake godine 5. prosinca. Opća skupština Ujedinjenih naroda (UN) na svojem 68. zasjedanju održanom 20. 12. 2013. usvojila je rezoluciju A/RES/68/232 kojom je 2015. proglašena Međunarodnom godinom tla (o čemu sam pisala početkom ove godine) a 5. prosinca je proglašen Svjetskim danom tla. Ova odluka donesena je nakon dvije godine intenzivnog rada, a glavni cilj proglašenja 2015. Međunarodnom godinom tla bio je podizanje svijesti čovjeka o važnosti tla za sigurnost hrane i esencijalne funkcije eko-sustava.
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Tla su naime, dugo, predugo bila zanemarena. Mi svi potpuno smo zanemarili vrlo važnu funkciju tla kao i poveznicu između tla i sigurnosti hrane, te vezu između tla i vode, tla i klime, bioraznolikosti i života. Obilježavanjem Svjetskog dana tla ovo se želi promijeniti i povezati ljude s golemim značajem tla u našim životima. Obilježavanje Svjetskog dana tla započet će 4. 12. 2015. u Rimu, glavnom sjedištu UN-ove Organizacije za hranu i poljoprivredu (FAO) kao i u regionalnim uredima ove Organizacije. Ovogodišnja tema je: „Soils: a solid ground for life“, kojom će se ujedno i „zatvoriti“ Međunarodna godina tla.
 
Svi moramo biti svjesni da naši životi ovise o tlu jednako kao što ovise o vodi i kisiku. Na žalost, mi to zanemarujemo i za većinu ljudi tlo (zemlja) je nešto prljavo što „drži“ biljke. Ipak, tlo je mnogo, mnogo više i stoga zaslužuje našu pažnju i brigu. Tlo se općenito definira kao površinski sloj zemljine kore sačinjen od mineralnih čestica, organskih tvari, vode, zraka i živih organizama. Zbog izrazito sporog procesa nastanka, tlo se smatra neobnovljivim a u najboljem slučaju uvjetno obnovljivim resursom. Tlo osigurava hranu, biomasu, sirovine, staništa i rezerve gena, skladišti, filtrira i izmjenjuje hranjive tvari, vodu i ugljik. Tlo je vrlo složene strukture, ono je i složeni sustav koji je izvor svih nutrijenata za sve biljne vrste, tlo pruža skrovište mnogim živim bićima – beskralježnjacima i kralježnjacima, a ujedno je i temelj tisuća prehrambenih lanaca. Bez tla mi ne možemo živjeti jer bez tla nema poljoprivrede. Stručnjaci procijenjuju da će se broj stanovnika na planetu do 2050. povećati – na Zemlji će živjeti više od 9 milijardi ljudi. I svi će oni ovisiti o tlu i hrani. Mi se vrlo loše i neodgovorno odnosimo prema tlu radi čega dolazi do degradacije tla, mnoge površine koriste se za urbanu izgradnju, a pašnjaci prenamjenjuju za intenzivni farmski uzgoj domaćih životinja. Tlo djeluje i kao drenažni sustav – tijekom kišnih oborina tlo apsorbira vodu i tako sprječava poplave. Drenaža također djeluje i kao pročistač vode, a svi ovi procesi neophodni su za zdrave funkcije ekosustava, jer ljudi imaju ne male koristi od ovih prirodnih procesa. Organske tvari u tlu bogate su sadržajem hranjivih tvari neophodnih za rast svih biljnih vrsta, pa tako i poljoprivrednih kultura, voća, povrća itd.
 
Mikroorganizmi u tlu pretvaraju štetne i toksične tvari u korisne nutrijente za biljke. Tako na primjer amonijak bude 'pretvoren' u dušik tijekom tzv. dušikovog ciklusa. Ovi mikroorganizmi također razgrađuju organske tvari koje će biti ponovno iskorištene (reciklirane) tijekom tzv. ugljikovog ciklusa. Štoviše, mikroorganizmi su odgovorni za onaj divan miris zemlje nakon kiše.
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
Stvaranje tla je vrlo spor i dugotrajan proces: za 1 cm površinskog sloja tla potrebno je 1000 godina ili čak i više. A mi danas zbog neodgovornog korištenja i upravljanja ovim značajnim resursom gubimo plodna tla: površinski sloj tla je debljine između 5,1 cm do 20 cm, te ima najveću kocentraciju organskih tvari i mikroorganizama. Lord Deben, koji je poznat po tome što je najduže bio ministar poljoprivrede u Velikoj Britaniji, izvijestio je sa suradnicima u studenom 2015. sve britanske parlamentarne stranke o rastućem i zabrinjavajućem problemu degradacije tla u Velikoj Britaniji, koja godišnje gubi oko 2 milijuna tona površinskog sloja tla zbog erozije. Najveći uzrok ove ubrzane degradacije tla je – kukuruz. Britanski stručnjaci upozoravaju na novi problem: u razdoblju od 1990. do 2000. površine pod kukuruzom su utrostručene, a taj se trend nastavlja i dalje. Uzgoj kukuruza rapidno se povećao u Velikoj Britaniji: 1973. kukuruz se uzgajao u Engleskoj na 8.000 ha a 2014. na 183.000 ha. Procijenjuje se da će se do 2020. uzgoj kukuruza povećati za dodatnih 125.000 ha. Kukuruz se do nedavno najviše uzgajao za prehranu stoke (silaža), osobito mlječnih krava. Međutim, posljednjih godina kukuruz se sve više uzgaja za proizvodnju bioplina koji se proizvodi putem tzv. anaerobne digestije (AD).
 
Najjednostavnije rečeno, anaerobna digestija je proces razgradnje složenih organskih spojeva djelovanjem različitih mikroorganizama bez prisutnosti kisika (anaerobni uvjeti). Za potrebe AD postrojenja, berba  kukuruza kao sirovine odvija se kasno, kada je tlo često već vlažno zbog kiša što doprinosi ubrzavanju daljnje degradacije tla: 2014. objavljeni su rezultati istraživanja koji su otkrili da 75 % površina na kojima se uzgajao kukuruz za potrebe AD postrojenja pokazuje vrlo visoko ili teško oštećenja tla. To ima za posljedicu česte bujice i poplave u slučaju obilnih kišnih oborina. U Velikoj Britaniji kao i u drugim državama Europske unije poljoprivrednici se čak i financijski potiču na uzgoj kukuruza za proizvodnju bioplina, a stručnjaci sada već ozbiljno upozoravaju da se ova praksa mora prekinuti a politika promijeniti, jer bioplin ne donosi nikakvu korist za okoliš.
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U Europskoj uniji također postoji svijest o golemom značaju tla kao i njegovoj ugroženosti  i propadanju. Stoga je pokrenut projekt „RECARE“ čiji glavni cilj je razviti učinkovite mjere zaštite kao i mjere za poboljšanje i obnovu primjenom novih, inovativnih pristupa. Projekt „RECARE“ koordiniraju stručnjaci iz nizozemskog Sveučilišta Wageningen, a 18. listopada 2015. objavljen je znanstveni izvještaj pod nazivom: „Measures for Preventing, Mitigating and Remediating Soil Threats in Europe.“
 
U ovom izvješću pomno su razrađene sve prijetnje tlu diljem Europe: erozija tla uzrokovana vodom ili vjetrom, smanjenje organskih tvari u tlu, osobito u  tresetištima, degradacija strukture tla, povećana zbijenost tla (veliki broj teških strojeva, osobito po vlažnom tlu, dovodi do zbijanja tla i pogoršanja fizikalnih osobina tla itd.), prenamjena tla (izgradnja urbanih područja, izgradnja industrijskih i energetskih objekata, prometnica, aerodroma itd., hidroakumulacije i dr.), onečišćenje tla, salinizacija ili zaslanjivanje tla, dezertifikacija, plavljenja / poplave, klizišta te smanjenje bioraznolikosti tla. Ovdje je potrebno također naglasiti da suvremena industrijska intenzivna poljoprivredna proizvodnja također značajno doprinosi eroziji tla. Osim detaljno razrađenih prijetnji tlu diljem Europe, izvješće projekta „RECARE“ donosi i brojne stručne savjete i mjere kako utjecati na smanjenje erozije tla, onečišćenja itd. Jedna od važnih mjera je i sadnja različitih vrsta trava, grmova i drveća, što se smatra relativno jeftinom mjerom. I stoga, čuvajmo i štitimo naša tla jer ona život znače.
 

Rodjena Marija Kuhar, dr. vet. med.

Predstavljena knjige Danka Plevnika Geopolitika smisla života

 
 
Predsjednik Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti akademik Zvonko Kusić govorio je u ponedjeljak 30. studenog na predstavljanju knjige Geopolitika smisla života autora Danka Plevnika, novinara, političkog analitičara i geopolitičara. Knjiga ispituje kako osvojiti neki prostor bez njegova porobljavanja, pri čemu autor određuje staru geopolitiku kao namjerno proširivanje interesa zemlje ili više zemalja, dok se nova geopolitika ne temelji na sili, nego na ponudi sadržaja. Jedna od temeljnih Plevnikovih teza je da je danas mnogo lakše i jeftinije utjecaj širiti medijskim promicanjem vlastitog načina života, nego ratovima.
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
Akademik Zvonko Kusić u svom je govoru rekao da je taj naizgled novi fenomen zapravo vrlo star, o čemu svjedoči širenje velikih svjetskih religija i prihvaćanje njihova svjetonazora, smisla života i vrijednosti koje su se ukorijenile u tolikoj mjeri da opstaju i danas, unatoč znanstvenomu, tehnološkom i društvenom napretku. Pritom je istaknuo da sve religije, kao i ideologije, nastaju kao oslobodilački pokreti, da bi se kasnije širile i nametale silom, što je za posljedicu imalo protestantizam i vjerske ratove u Europi te kolonijalizam izvan Europe. „Posljedica Tridesetogodišnjeg rata nije bila pobjeda jedinstvenog svjetonazora i zajedničkog europskog smisla života, nego decentralizacija poimanja smisla koji se striktno ograničavao na određeni prostor neke države. Kasnije je pomoću kolonijalizma neka država određivala način života drugoj državi uvođenjem svog sustava, od školstva i jezika do vladavine prava i financija“, kazao je akademik Kusić. Također je istaknuo da zapadni način života koji kao model danas dominira svijetom ipak ne uspijeva riješiti velike probleme čovječanstva kao što je siromaštvo. „Postoji teza da je amerikanizam četvrta velika zapadna vjera, a ustav SAD-a doživljava se kao religijska objava za cijeli svijet. No kad bi svi ljudi na svijetu živjeli američkim načinom života koji naglasak stavlja na stjecanje materijalnih dobara, trebalo bi nam šest planeta“, poručio je akademik Kusić, istaknuvši da sva zapadna društva proživljavaju duboku krizu smisla, budući da konzumerizam ne uspijeva ljude učiniti sretnijima. „Štoviše, materijalna ispunjenost nerijetko ima za posljedicu veću duhovnu prazninu“, dodao je akademik Kusić.
 
Danko Plevnik govorio je o smislu života u novom tehnologijskom dobu, iznijevši primjere ljudi koji su zbog ovisnosti o virtualnom svijetu zapostavili realan život. Na promociji je govorio i rabin Židovske općine Zagreb Luciano Prelević koji je govorio o poimanju smisla života u židovskoj kulturi i tradiciji. Knjigu Geopolitika smisla života objavila je izdavačka kuća ITG iz Zagreba.
 

Marijan Lipovac

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Četvrtak, 18/10/2018

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